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Prénom : Eric
Equipe : SEE
Grade : DR1
Adresse email : Cette adresse e-mail est protégée contre les robots spammeurs. Vous devez activer le JavaScript pour la visualiser.
Implantation : La Valette - Bâtiment Païr
Appartenance : IRD

Publications :

Maganga GD, Labouba I, Ngoubangoye B, Nkili-Meyong AA, Ondo DO, Leroy EM, Berthet N (2018) Molecular characterization of complete genome of a canine distemper virus associated with fatal infection in dogs in Gabon, Central Africa. Virus Research 247: 21-25 doi

Boundenga L, Perkins SL, Ollomo B, Rougeron V, Leroy EM, Renaud F, Prugnolle F (2017) Haemosporidian parasites of reptiles and birds from Gabon, Central Africa. Journal of Parasitology 103: 330-337 doi

Brazier L, Elguero E, Koumavor CK, Renaud N, Prugnolle F, Thomas F, Ategbo S, Engoba M, Obengui, Leroy EM, Durand P, Renaud F, Becquart P (2017) Evolution in fecal bacterial/viral composition in infants of two central African countries (Gabon and Republic of the Congo) during their first month of life. PLoS One 12: e0185569 doi

Maganga GD, Ndong ALA, Okouyi CSM, Mandanda SM, N'Dilimabaka N, Pinto A, Agossou E, Cossic B, Akue JP, Leroy EM (2017) Serological evidence for the circulation of Rift Valley fever virus in domestic small ruminants in southern Gabon. Vector-Borne and Zoonotic Diseases 17: 443-446 doi

Mombo IM, Lukashev AN, Bleicker T, Brunink S, Berthet N, Maganga GD, Durand P, Arnathau C, Boundenga L, Ngoubangoye B, Boue V, Liégeois F, Ollomo B, Prugnolle F, Drexler JF, Drosten C, Renaud F, Rougeron V, Leroy E (2017) African non-human primates host diverse enteroviruses. PLoS One 12: e0169067 doi

Moussavou-Boundzanga P, Koumakpayi IH, Labouba I, Leroy EM, Belembaogo E, Berthet N (2017) Human papillomavirus detection using the Abbott realtime high-risk HPV tests compared with conventional nested PCR coupled to high-throughput sequencing of amplification products in cervical smear specimens from a Gabonese female population. Virology Journal 14: 241 doi

Obame-Nkoghe J, Leroy EM, Paupy C (2017) Diversity and role of cave-dwelling hematophagous insects in pathogen transmission in the afrotropical region. Emerging Microbes & Infections 6: e20 doi

Obame-Nkoghe J, Rahola N, Ayala D, Yangari P, Jiolle D, Allene X, Bourgarel M, Maganga GD, Berthet N, Leroy EM, Paupy C (2017) Exploring the diversity of blood-sucking Diptera in caves of Central Africa. Scientific Reports 7: 250 doi

Boundenga L, Makanga B, Ollomo B, Gilabert A, Rougeron V, Mve-Ondo B, Arnathau C, Durand P, Moukodoum ND, Okouga AP, Delicat-Loembet L, Yacka-Mouele L, Rahola N, Leroy E, Tidiane BAC, Renaud F, Prugnolle F, Paupy C (2016) Haemosporidian parasites of antelopes and other vertebrates from Gabon, Central Africa. PLoS One 11: e0148958 doi

Maganga GD, Relmy A, Bakkali-Kassimi L, Ngoubangoye B, Tsoumbou T, Bouchier C, N'Dilimabaka N, Leroy EM, Zientara S, Berthet N (2016) Molecular characterization of Orf virus in goats in Gabon, Central Africa. Virology Journal 13: doi

Moussavou PB, Koumakpayi IH, Nkili-Meyong AA, Labouba I, Bisvigou U, Chansi JK, Engohan-Aloghe C, Dissanami F, Ambounda N, Delannoy-Vieillard AS, Diancourt L, Nkoghe D, Leroy EM, Belembaogo E, Berthet N (2016) Molecular analysis of human papillomavirus detected among women positive for cervical lesions by visual inspection with acetic acid/Lugol's iodine (VIA/VILI) in Libreville, Gabon. Infectious Agents and Cancer 11: 50 doi

Ngoubangoye B, Boundenga L, Arnathau C, Mombo IM, Durand P, Tsoumbou TA, Otoro BV, Sana R, Okouga AP, Moukodoum N, Willaume E, Herbert A, Fouchet D, Rougeron V, Ba CT, Ollomo B, Paupy C, Leroy EM, Renaud F, Pontier D, Prugnolle F (2016) The host specificity of ape malaria parasites can be broken in confined environments. International Journal for Parasitology 46: 737-744 doi

Obame-Nkoghe J, Rahola N, Bourgarel M, Yangari P, Prugnolle F, Maganga GD, Leroy EM, Fontenille D, Ayala D, Paupy C (2016) Bat flies (Diptera: Nycteribiidae and Streblidae) infesting cave-dwelling bats in Gabon: diversity, dynamics and potential role in Polychromophilus melanipherus transmission. Parasites & Vectors 9: 333 doi

Rougeron V, Suquet E, Maganga GD, Jiolle D, Mombo IM, Bourgarel M, Motsch P, Arnathau C, Durand P, Drexler F, Drosten C, Renaud F, Prugnolle F, Leroy EM (2016) Characterization and phylogenetic analysis of new bat astroviruses detected in Gabon, Central Africa. Acta Virologica 60: 386-392 doi

Witkowski PT, Drexler JF, Kallies R, Lickova M, Bokorova S, Mananga GD, Szemes T, Leroy EM, Kruger DH, Drosten C, Klempa B (2016) Phylogenetic analysis of a newfound bat-borne hantavirus supports a laurasiatherian host association for ancestral mammalian hantaviruses. Infection, Genetics and Evolution 41: 113-119 doi

Wurtz N, Papa A, Hukic M, Di Caro A, Leparc-Goffart I, Leroy E, Landini MP, Sekeyova Z, Dumler JS, Badescu D, Busquets N, Calistri A, Parolin C, Palu G, Christova I, Maurin M, La Scola B, Raoult D (2016) Survey of laboratory-acquired infections around the world in biosafety level 3 and 4 laboratories. European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases 35: 1247-1258 doi

Corman VM, Baldwin HJ, Tateno AF, Zerbinati RM, Annan A, Owusu M, Nkrumah EE, Maganga GD, Oppong S, Adu-Sarkodie Y, Vallo P, da Silva LVRF, Leroy EM, Thiel V, van der Hoek L, Poon LLM, Tschapka M, Drosten C, Drexler JF (2015) Evidence for an ancestral association of human coronavirus 229E with bats. Journal of Virology 89: 11858-11870 doi

Delicat-Loembet L, Rougeron V, Ollomo B, Arnathau C, Roche B, Elguero E, Moukodoum ND, Okougha AP, Ondo BM, Boundenga L, Houze S, Galan M, Nkoghe D, Leroy EM, Durand P, Paupy C, Renaud F, Prugnolle F (2015) No evidence for ape Plasmodium infections in humans in Gabon. PLoS One 10: e0126933 doi

Elguero E, Delicat-Loembet LM, Rougeron V, Arnathau C, Roche B, Becquart P, Gonzalez JP, Nkoghe D, Sica L, Leroy EM, Durand P, Ayala FJ, Ollomo B, Renaud F, Prugnolle F (2015) Malaria continues to select for sickle cell trait in central africa. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 112: 7051-7054 doi

Labouba I & Leroy EM (2015) Ebola outbreaks in 2014. Journal of Clinical Virology. 64:109-110 doi

Lekana-Douki SE, Kombila-Koumavor C, Nkoghe D, Drosten C, Drexler JF, Leroy EM (2015) Molecular epidemiology of enteric viruses and genotyping of rotavirus A, adenovirus and astrovirus among children under 5 years old in Gabon. International Journal of Infectious Diseases 34: 90-95 doi

Mombo IM, Berthet N, Lukashev AN, Bleicker T, Brünink S, Léger L, Atencia R, Cox D, Bouchier C, Durand P, Arnathau C, Brazier L, Fair JN, Schneider BS, Drexler JF, Prugnolle F, Drosten C, Renaud F, Leroy EM, Rougeron V (2015) First detection of an enterovirus C99 in a captive chimpanzee with acute flaccid paralysis, from the Tchimpounga Chimpanzee Rehabilitation Center, Republic of Congo. PLoS One 10: e0136700 doi

N'Dilimabaka N, Berthet N, Rougeron V, Mangombi JB, Durand P, Maganga GD, Bouchier C, Schneider BS, Fair J, Renaud F & Leroy EM (2015) Evidence of Lymphocytic Choriomeningitis virus (LCMV) in domestic mice in Gabon: Risk of emergence of LCMV encephalitis in central Africa. Journal of Virology. 89: 1456-1460. doi

Rougeron V, Feldmann H, Grard G, Becker S & Leroy EM (2015) Ebola and Marburg haemorrhagic fever. Journal of Clinical Virology. 64: 111-119 doi

Rougeron V, Sam IC, Caron M, Nkoghe D, Leroy E & Roques P (2015) Chikungunya, a paradigm of neglected tropical disease that emerged to be a new health global risk. Journal of Clinical Virology. 64: 144-152 doi

Becquart P, Mahlakoiv T, Nkoghe D & Leroy EM (2014) Identification of continuous human B-cell epitopes in the VP35, VP40, nucleoprotein and glycoprotein of Ebola virus. PLoS One. 9: 96360 doi

Delicat-Loembet LM, Elguero E, Arnathau C, Durand P, Ollomo B, Ossari S, Mezui-Me-Ndong J, Mboro TM, Becquart P, Nkoghe D, Leroy E, Sica L, Gonzalez JP, Prugnolle F & Renaud F (2014) Prevalence of the sickle cell trait in Gabon: a nationwide study. Infection, Genetics and Evolution. 25: 52-56 doi

Grard G, Caron M, Mombo IM, Nkoghe D, Ondo SM, Jiolle D, Fontenille D, Paupy C & Leroy EM (2014) Zika Virus in Gabon (Central Africa) - 2007: A new threat from Aedes albopictus? PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases. 8: 2681 doi

Lekana-Douki SE, Nkoghe D, Drosten C, Ngoungou EB, Drexler JF & Leroy EM (2014) Viral etiology and seasonality of influenza-like illness in Gabon, March 2010 to June 2011. BMC Infectious Diseases. 14: doi

Leroy EM, Labouba I, Maganga GD & Berthet N (2014) Ebola in West Africa: the outbreak able to change many things. Clinical Microbiology and Infection. 20: O597-O599 doi

Maganga GD, Bourgarel M, Nkoghe JO, N'Dilimabaka N, Drosten C, Paupy C, Morand S, Drexler JF & Leroy EM (2014) Identification of an unclassified paramyxovirus in Coleura afra: A potential case of host specificity. PLoS One. 9: 115588 doi

Maganga GD, Bourgarel M, Vallo P, Dallo TD, Ngoagouni C, Drexler JF, Drosten C, Nakoune ER, Leroy EM & Morand S (2014) Bat distribution size or shape as determinant of viral richness in African bats. PLoS One. 9: 100172 doi

Maganga GD, Kapetshi J, Berthet N, Ilunga BK, Kabange F, Kingebeni PM, Mondonge V, Muyembe JJT, Bertherat E, Briand S, Cabore J, Epelboin A, Formenty P, Kobinger G, Gonzalez-Angulo L, Labouba I, Manuguerra JC, Okwo-Bele JM, Dye C & Leroy EM (2014) Ebola virus disease in the Democratic Republic of Congo. New England Journal of Medicine. 371: 2083-2091 doi

Caron M, Grard G, Paupy C, Mombo IM, Nso BBB, Kassa FRK, Nkoghe D & Leroy EM (2013) First evidence of simultaneous circulation of three different dengue virus serotypes in Africa. PLoS One. 8: 78030 doi

Chiu C, Fair J & Leroy EM (2013) Bas-Congo virus: another deadly virus? Future Microbiology. 8: 139-141 doi

Drexler JF, Corman VM, Muller MA, Lukashev AN, Gmyl A, Coutard B, Adam A, Ritz D, Leijten LM, van Riel D, Kallies R, Klose SM, Gloza-Rausch F, Binger T, Annan A, Adu-Sarkodie Y, Oppong S, Bourgarel M, Rupp D, Hoffmann B, Schlegel M, Kummerer BM, Kruger DH, Schmidt-Chanasit J, Setien AA, Cottontail VM, Hemachudha T, Wacharapluesadee S, Osterrieder K, Bartenschlager R, Matthee S, Beer M, Kuiken T, Reusken C, Leroy EM, Ulrich RG & Drosten C (2013) Evidence for novel hepaciviruses in rodents. PLoS Pathogens. 9: 1003438 doi

Drexler JF, Geipel A, Konig A, Corman VM, van Riel D, Leijten LM, Bremer CM, Rasche A, Cottontail VM, Maganga GD, Schlegel M, Muller MA, Adam A, Klose SM, Carneiro AJB, Stocker A, Franke CR, Gloza-Rausch F, Geyer J, Annan A, Adu-Sarkodie Y, Oppong S, Binger T, Vallo P, Tschapka M, Ulrich RG, Gerlich WH, Leroy E, Kuiken T, Glebe D & Drosten C (2013) Bats carry pathogenic hepadnaviruses antigenically related to hepatitis B virus and capable of infecting human hepatocytes. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA. 110: 16151-16156 doi

Maganga GD, Verrier D, Zerbinati RM, Drosten C, Drexler JF & Leroy EM (2013) Molecular typing of PPRV strains detected during an outbreak in sheep and goats in south-eastern Gabon in 2011. Virology Journal. 10: 82 doi

Nesi N, Kadjo B, Pourrut X, Leroy E, Shongo CP, Cruaud C & Hassanin A (2013) Molecular systematics and phylogeography of the tribe Myonycterini (Mammalia, Pteropodidae) inferred from mitochondrial and nuclear markers. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 66: 126-137 doi

Caron M, Paupy C, Grard G, Becquart P, Mombo I, Nso BBB, Kassa FK, Nkoghe D & Leroy EM (2012) Recent introduction and rapid dissemination of chikungunya virus and dengue virus serotype 2 associated with human and mosquito coinfections in Gabon, Central Africa. Clinical Infectious Diseases. 55: e45-e53 doi

Drexler JF, Corman VM, Muller MA, Maganga GD, Vallo P, Binger T, Gloza-Rausch F, Rasche A, Yordanov S, Seebens A, Oppong S, Sarkodie YA, Pongombo C, Lukashev AN, Schmidt-Chanasit J, Stocker A, Carneiro AJB, Erbar S, Maisner A, Fronhoffs F, Buettner R, Kalko EKV, Kruppa T, Franke CR, Kallies R, Yandoko ERN, Herrler G, Reusken C, Hassanin A, Kruger DH, Matthee S, Ulrich RG, Leroy EM & Drosten C (2012) Bats host major mammalian paramyxoviruses. Nature Communications. 3: 796 doi

Grard G, Fair JN, Lee D, Slikas E, Steffen I, Muyembe JJ, Sittler T, Veeraraghavan N, Ruby JG, Wang C, Makuwa M, Mulembakani P, Tesh RB, Mazet J, Rimoin AW, Taylor T, Schneider BS, Simmons G, Delwart E, Wolfe ND, Chiu CY & Leroy EM (2012) A novel rhabdovirus associated with acute hemorrhagic fever in Central Africa. PLoS Pathogens. 8: e1002924 doi

Liégeois F, Boue V, Mouacha F, Butel C, Ondo BM, Pourrut X, Leroy E, Peeters M & Rouet F (2012) New STLV-3 strains and a divergent SIVmus strain identified in non-human primate bushmeat in Gabon. Retrovirology. 9: 28 doi

Mouinga-Ondeme A, Caron M, Nkoghe D, Telfer P, Marx P, Saib A, Leroy E, Gonzalez JP, Gessain A & Kazanji M (2012) Cross-Species transmission of Simian Foamy virus to humans in rural Gabon, Central Africa. Journal of Virology. 86: 1255-1260 doi

Nkoghe D, Kassa RF, Caron M, Grard G, Mombo I, Bikie B, Paupy C, Becquart P, Bisvigou U & Leroy EM (2012) Clinical forms of Chikungunya in Gabon, 2010. PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases. 6: e1517 doi

Nkoghe D, Leroy EM, Toung-Mve M & Gonzalez JP (2012) Cutaneous manifestations of filovirus infections. International Journal of Dermatology. 51: 1037-1043 doi

Paupy C, Kassa Kassa F, Caron M, Nkoghé D & Leroy EM (2012) A Chikungunya outbreak associated with the vector Aedes albopictus in remote villages of Gabon. Vector-Borne and Zoonotic Diseases. 12: 167-169 doi

Yalcindag E, Elguero E, Arnathau C, Durand P, Akiana J, Anderson TJ, Aubouy A, Balloux F, Besnard P, Bogreau H, Carnevale P, D'Alessandro U, Fontenille D, Gamboa D, Jombart T, Le Mire J, Leroy E, Maestre A, Mayxay M, Menard D, Musset L, Newton PN, Nkoghe D, Noya O, Ollomo B, Rogier C, Veron V, Wide A, Zakeri S, Carme B, Legrand E, Chevillon C, Ayala FJ, Renaud F & Prugnolle F (2012) Multiple independent introductions of Plasmodium falciparum in South America. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA. 109: 511-516 doi

Akue JP, Nkoghe D, Padilla C, Moussavou G, Moukana H, Mbou RA, Ollomo B & Leroy EM (2011) Epidemiology of concomitant infection due to Loa loa and Mansonella perstans in Gabon. PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases. 5: e1329 doi

Grard G, Biek R, Tamfum JJM, Fair J, Wolfe N, Formenty P, Paweska J & Leroy E (2011) Emergence of divergent Zaire ebola virus strains in Democratic Republic of the Congo in 2007 and 2008. Journal of Infectious Diseases. 204: S776-S784 doi

Grard G, Drexler JF, Fair J, Muyembe JJ, Wolfe ND, Drosten C & Leroy EM (2011) Re-emergence of Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus in Central Africa. PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases. 5: e1350 doi

Leroy EM, Becquart P, Wauquier N & Baize S (2011) Evidence for Ebola virus superantigen activity. Journal of Virology. 85: 4041-4042 doi

Leroy EM, Gonzalez JP & Baize S (2011) Ebola and Marburg haemorrhagic fever viruses: major scientific advances, but a relatively minor public health threat for Africa. Clinical Microbiology and Infection. 17: 946-976 doi

Maganga GD, Bourgarel M, Ella GE, Drexler JF, Gonzalez JP, Drosten C & Leroy EM (2011) Is Marburg virus enzootic in Gabon? Journal of Infectious Diseases. 204: S800-S803 doi

Nkoghe D, Akue JP, Gonzalez JP & Leroy EM (2011) Prevalence of Plasmodium falciparum infection in asymptomatic rural Gabonese populations. Malaria Journal. 10: 33 doi

Nkoghe D, Kone ML, Yada A & Leroy E (2011) A limited outbreak of Ebola haemorrhagic fever in Etoumbi, Republic of Congo, 2005. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. 105: 466-472 doi

Nkoghe D, Padilla C, Becquart P, Wauquier N, Moussavou G, Akue JP, Ollomo B, Pourrut X, Souris M, Kazanji M, Gonzalez JP & Leroy E (2011) Risk factors for Zaire ebolavirus-specific IgG in rural Gabonese populations. Journal of Infectious Diseases. 204: S768-S775 doi

Petitdemange C, Becquart P, Wauquier N, Beziat V, Debre P, Leroy EM & Vieillard V (2011) Unconventional repertoire profile is imprinted during acute Chikungunya infection for natural killer cells polarization toward cytotoxicity. PLoS Pathogens. 7: e1002268 doi

Pourrut X, Nkoghe D, Gonzalez JP & Leroy E (2011) No evidence of dengue virus circulation in rural Gabon. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 17: 1568-1569 doi

Prugnolle F, Durand P, Ollomo B, Duval L, Ariey F, Arnathau C, Gonzalez JP, Leroy E & Renaud F (2011) A fresh look at the origin of Plasmodium falciparum, the most malignant malaria agent. PLoS Pathogens. 7: e1001283 doi

Prugnolle F, Ollomo B, Durand P, Yalcindag E, Arnathau C, Elguero E, Berry A, Pourrut X, Gonzalez JP, Nkoghe D, Akiana J, Verrier D, Leroy E, Ayala FJ & Renaud F (2011) African monkeys are infected by Plasmodium falciparum nonhuman primate-specific strains. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA. 108: 11948-11953 doi

Wauquier N, Becquart P, Nkoghe D, Padilla C, Ndjoyi-Mbiguino A & Leroy EM (2011) The acute phase of Chikungunya virus infection in humans is associated with strong innate immunity and T CD8 cell activation. Journal of Infectious Diseases. 204: 115-123 doi

Becquart P, Wauquier N, Mahlakoiv T, Nkoghe D, Padilla C, Souris M, Ollomo B, Gonzalez JP, De Lamballerie X, Kazanji M & Leroy EM (2010) High prevalence of both humoral and cellular immunity to Zaire ebolavirus among rural populations in Gabon. PLoS One. 5: e9126

Becquart P, Wauquier N, Nkoghe D, Ndjoyi-Mbiguino A, Padilla C, Souris M & Leroy EM (2010) Acute dengue virus 2 infection in Gabonese patients is associated with an early innate immune response, including strong interferon alpha production. BMC Infectious Diseases. 10: 356

Grard G, Drexler JF, Lekana-Douki S, Caron M, Lukashev A, Nkoghe D, Gonzalez JP, Drosten C & Leroy E (2010) Type 1 wild poliovirus and putative enterovirus 109 in an outbreak of acute flaccid paralysis in Congo, October-November 2010. Eurosurveillance. 15: 6-8

Paupy C, Ollomo B, Kamgang B, Moutailler S, Rousset D, Demanou M, Herve JP, Leroy E, Simard F (2010) Comparative role of Aedes albopictus and Aedes aegypti in the emergence of Dengue and Chikungunya in Central Africa. Vector-Borne and Zoonotic Diseases 10: 259-266 pdf

Pourrut X, Nkoghe D, Souris M, Paupy C, Paweska J, Padilla C, Moussavou G & Leroy EM (2010) Rift Valley fever virus seroprevalence in human rural populations of Gabon. PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases. 4: e763 pdf

Prugnolle F, Durand P, Neel C, Ollomo B, Ayala FJ, Arnathau C, Etienne L, Mpoudi-Ngole E, Nkoghe D, Leroy E, Delaporte E, Peeters M & Renaud F (2010) African great apes are natural hosts of multiple related malaria species, including Plasmodium falciparum. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA. 107: 1458-1463 [-supporting information-] pdf

Wauquier N, Becquart P, Padilla C, Baize S & Leroy EM (2010) Human fatal zaire ebola virus infection is associated with an aberrant innate immunity and with massive lymphocyte apoptosis. PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases. 4: e837 doi

Wauquier N, Padilla C, Becquart P, Leroy E & Vieillard V (2010) Association of KIR2DS1 and KIR2DS3 with fatal outcome in Ebola virus infection. Immunogenetics. 62: 767-771

Leroy EM, Nkoghe D, Ollomo B, Nze-Nkogue C, Becquart P, Grard G, Pourrut X, Charrel R, Moureau G, Ndjoyi-Mbiguino A & de Lamballerie X (2009) Concurrent chikungunya and dengue virus infections during simultaneous outbreaks, Gabon, 2007. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 15: 591-593

Ollomo B, Durand P, Prugnolle F, Douzery E, Arnathau C, Nkoghe D, Leroy E & Renaud F (2009) A new malaria agent in African Hominids. PLoS Pathogens. 5: 5 pdf

Wauquier N, Becquart P, Gasquet C & Leroy EM (2009) Immunoglobulin G in Ebola outbreak survivors, Gabon. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 15: 1136-1137

Leroy EM, Kumulungui B, Pourrut X, Rouquet P, Hassanin A, Yaba P, Delicat A, Paweska JT, Gonzalez JP & Swanepoel R (2005) Fruit bats as reservoirs of Ebola virus. Nature. 438: 575-576

Leroy EM, Rouquet P, Formenty P, Souquiere S, Kilbourne A, Froment JM, Bermejo M, Smit S, Karesh W, Swanepoel R, Zaki SR & Rollin PE (2004) Multiple Ebola virus transmission events and rapid decline of central African wildlife. Science. 303: 387-390