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Nom : PRUGNOLLE
Prénom : Franck
Equipe : SEE
Grade : DR2
Adresse email : Cette adresse e-mail est protégée contre les robots spammeurs. Vous devez activer le JavaScript pour la visualiser.
Téléphone : (+33) 4 48 19 18 68
Fax : (+33) 4 48 19 18 79
Implantation : La Valette
Appartenance : CNRS

Publications :

Boundenga L, Ngoubangoye B, Mombo IM, Tsoubmou TA, Renaud F, Rougeron V, Prugnolle F (2018) Extensive diversity of malaria parasites circulating in Central African bats and monkeys. Ecology and Evolution 8: 10578-10586 doi

Gilabert A, Otto TD, Rutledge GG, Franzon B, Ollomo B, Arnathau C, Durand P, Moukodoum ND, Okouga AP, Ngoubangoye B, Makanga B, Boundenga L, Paupy C, Renaud F, Prugnolle F, Rougeron V (2018) Plasmodium vivax-like genome sequences shed new insights into Plasmodium vivax biology and evolution. PLoS Biology 16: e2006035 doi

Otto TD, Gilabert A, Crellen T, Bohme U, Arnathau C, Sanders M, Oyola SO, Okouga AP, Boundenga L, Willaume E, Ngoubangoye B, Moukodoum ND, Paupy C, Durand P, Rougeron V, Ollomo B, Renaud F, Newbold C, Berriman M, Prugnolle F (2018) Genomes of all known members of a Plasmodium subgenus reveal paths to virulent human malaria. Nature Microbiology 3: 687-697 doi

Bitome-Essono PY, Ollomo B, Arnathau C, Durand P, Mokoudoum ND, Yacka-Mouele L, Okouga AP, Boundenga L, Mve-Ondo B, Obame-Nkoghe J, Mbehang-Nguema P, Njiokou F, Makanga B, Wattier R, Ayala D, Ayala FJ, Prugnolle F, Paupy C (2017) Tracking zoonotic pathogens using bloodsucking flies as 'flying syringes'. Elife 6: e22069 doi

Boundenga L, Perkins SL, Ollomo B, Rougeron V, Leroy EM, Renaud F, Prugnolle F (2017) Haemosporidian parasites of reptiles and birds from Gabon, Central Africa. Journal of Parasitology 103: 330-337 doi

Brazier L, Elguero E, Koumavor CK, Renaud N, Prugnolle F, Thomas F, Ategbo S, Engoba M, Obengui, Leroy EM, Durand P, Renaud F, Becquart P (2017) Evolution in fecal bacterial/viral composition in infants of two central African countries (Gabon and Republic of the Congo) during their first month of life. PLoS One 12: e0185569 doi

de Meeûs T, Prugnolle F, Tibayrenc M (2017) Clonal evolution. In, Genetics and Evolution of Infectious Diseases. 2nd Edition. Ed. Tibayrenc M. pp 99-113 doi

Makanga B, Costantini C, Rahola N, Yangari P, Rougeron V, Ayala D, Prugnolle F, Paupy C (2017) "Show me which parasites you carry and I will tell you what you eat", or how to infer the trophic behavior of hematophagous arthropods feeding on wildlife. Ecology and Evolution 7: 7578-7584 doi

Mombo IM, Lukashev AN, Bleicker T, Brunink S, Berthet N, Maganga GD, Durand P, Arnathau C, Boundenga L, Ngoubangoye B, Boue V, Liégeois F, Ollomo B, Prugnolle F, Drexler JF, Drosten C, Renaud F, Rougeron V, Leroy E (2017) African non-human primates host diverse enteroviruses. PLoS One 12: e0169067 doi

Roche B, Rougeron V, Quintana-Murci L, Renaud F, Abbate JL, Prugnolle F (2017) Might interspecific interactions between pathogens drive host evolution? the case of Plasmodium species and duffy-negativity in human populations. Trends in Parasitology 33: 21-29 doi

Rougeron V, Tiedje KE, Chen DS, Rask TS, Gamboa D, Maestre A, Musset L, Legrand E, Noya O, Yalcindag E, Renaud F, Prugnolle F, Day KP (2017) Evolutionary structure of Plasmodium falciparum major variant surface antigen genes in South America: implications for epidemic transmission and surveillance. Ecology and Evolution 7: 9376-9390 doi

Rutledge GG, Böhme U, Sanders M, Rrid AJ, Cotton JA, Maiga-Ascofare O, Djimde AA, Apinjoh TO, Amenga-Etego L, Manske M, Barnwell JW, Renaud F, Ollomo B, Prugnolle F, Anstey NM, Auburn S, Price RN, McCarthy JS, Kwiatkowski DP, Newbold CI, Berriman M, Otto TD (2017) Plasmodium malariae and P. ovale genomes provide insights into malaria parasite evolution. Nature 542: 101-+ doi

Vittecoq M, Laurens C, Brazier L, Durand P, Elguero E, Arnal A, Thomas F, Aberkane S, Renaud N, Prugnolle F, Solassol J, Jean-Pierre H, Godreuil S, Renaud F (2017) VIM-1 carbapenemase-producing Escherichia coli in gulls from southern France. Ecology and Evolution 7: 1224-1232 doi

Boundenga L, Makanga B, Ollomo B, Gilabert A, Rougeron V, Mve-Ondo B, Arnathau C, Durand P, Moukodoum ND, Okouga AP, Delicat-Loembet L, Yacka-Mouele L, Rahola N, Leroy E, Tidiane BAC, Renaud F, Prugnolle F, Paupy C (2016) Haemosporidian parasites of antelopes and other vertebrates from Gabon, Central Africa. PLoS One 11: e0148958 doi

Imboumy-Limoukou RK, Maghendi-Nzondo S, Kouna CL, Bounaadja L, Mbang S, Biteghe JC, Eboumbou C, Prugnolle F, Florent I, Lekana-Douki JB (2016) Immunoglobulin response to the low polymorphic Pf113 antigen in children from Lastoursville, south-east of Gabon. Acta Tropica 163: 149-156 doi

Makanga B, Yangari P, Rahola N, Rougeron V, Elguero E, Boundenga L, Moukodoum ND, Okouga AP, Arnathau C, Durand P, Willaume E, Ayala D, Fontenille D, Ayala FJ, Renaud F, Ollomo B, Prugnolle F, Paupy C (2016) Ape malaria transmission and potential for ape-to-human transfers in Africa. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 113: 5329-5334 doi

Ngoubangoye B, Boundenga L, Arnathau C, Mombo IM, Durand P, Tsoumbou TA, Otoro BV, Sana R, Okouga AP, Moukodoum N, Willaume E, Herbert A, Fouchet D, Rougeron V, Ba CT, Ollomo B, Paupy C, Leroy EM, Renaud F, Pontier D, Prugnolle F (2016) The host specificity of ape malaria parasites can be broken in confined environments. International Journal for Parasitology 46: 737-744 doi

Obame-Nkoghe J, Rahola N, Bourgarel M, Yangari P, Prugnolle F, Maganga GD, Leroy EM, Fontenille D, Ayala D, Paupy C (2016) Bat flies (Diptera: Nycteribiidae and Streblidae) infesting cave-dwelling bats in Gabon: diversity, dynamics and potential role in Polychromophilus melanipherus transmission. Parasites & Vectors 9: 333 doi

Rougeron V, Suquet E, Maganga GD, Jiolle D, Mombo IM, Bourgarel M, Motsch P, Arnathau C, Durand P, Drexler F, Drosten C, Renaud F, Prugnolle F, Leroy EM (2016) Characterization and phylogenetic analysis of new bat astroviruses detected in Gabon, Central Africa. Acta Virologica 60: 386-392 doi

Vittecoq M, Godreuil S, Prugnolle F, Durand P, Brazier L, Renaud N, Arnal A, Aberkane S, Jean-Pierre H, Gauthier-Clerc M, Thomas F, Renaud F (2016) Antimicrobial resistance in wildlife. Journal of Applied Ecology 53: 519-529 doi

Boué V, Locatelli S, Boucher F, Ayouba A, Butel C, Esteban A, Okouga AP, Ndoungouet A, Motsch P, Le Flohic G, Ngari P, Prugnolle F, Ollomo B, Rouet F, Liégeois F (2015) High rate of simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) infections in wild chimpanzees in northeastern Gabon. Viruses 7: 4997-5015 doi

Boundenga L, Ollomo B, Rougeron V, Mouele LY, Mve-Ondo B, Delicat-Loembet LM, Moukodoum ND, Okouga AP, Arnathau C, Elguero E, Durand P, Liégeois F, Boue V, Motsch P, Le Flohic G, Ndoungouet A, Paupy C, Ba CT, Renaud F & Prugnolle F (2015) Diversity of malaria parasites in great apes in Gabon. Malaria Journal. 14: 111 doi

Delicat-Loembet L, Rougeron V, Ollomo B, Arnathau C, Roche B, Elguero E, Moukodoum ND, Okougha AP, Ondo BM, Boundenga L, Houze S, Galan M, Nkoghe D, Leroy EM, Durand P, Paupy C, Renaud F, Prugnolle F (2015) No evidence for ape Plasmodium infections in humans in Gabon. PLoS One 10: e0126933 doi

Elguero E, Delicat-Loembet LM, Rougeron V, Arnathau C, Roche B, Becquart P, Gonzalez JP, Nkoghe D, Sica L, Leroy EM, Durand P, Ayala FJ, Ollomo B, Renaud F, Prugnolle F (2015) Malaria continues to select for sickle cell trait in central africa. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 112: 7051-7054 doi

Herbert A, Boundenga L, Meyer A, Moukodoum DN, Okouga AP, Arnathau C, Durand P, Magnus J, Ngoubangoye B, Willaume E, Ba CT, Rougeron V, Renaud F, Ollomo B, Prugnolle F (2015) Malaria-like symptoms associated with a natural Plasmodium reichenowi infection in a chimpanzee. Malaria Journal 14: 220 doi

Mombo IM, Berthet N, Lukashev AN, Bleicker T, Brünink S, Léger L, Atencia R, Cox D, Bouchier C, Durand P, Arnathau C, Brazier L, Fair JN, Schneider BS, Drexler JF, Prugnolle F, Drosten C, Renaud F, Leroy EM, Rougeron V (2015) First detection of an enterovirus C99 in a captive chimpanzee with acute flaccid paralysis, from the Tchimpounga Chimpanzee Rehabilitation Center, Republic of Congo. PLoS One 10: e0136700 doi

Mve-Ondo B, Nkoghe D, Arnathau C, Rougeron V, Bisvigou U, Mouele LY, Boundenga L, Durand P, Elguero E, Lemmers S, Delicat-Loembet LM, Diamella-Moukodoum N, Paupy C, Renaud F, Prugnolle F, Ollomo B (2015) Genetic diversity of Plasmodium falciparum isolates from Baka Pygmies and their Bantu neighbours in the north of Gabon. Malaria Journal 14: 395 doi

Vittecoq M, Roche B, Prugnolle F, Renaud F & Thomas F (2015) Les maladies infectieuses. de Boeck Solal, Paris

Delicat-Loembet LM, Elguero E, Arnathau C, Durand P, Ollomo B, Ossari S, Mezui-Me-Ndong J, Mboro TM, Becquart P, Nkoghe D, Leroy E, Sica L, Gonzalez JP, Prugnolle F & Renaud F (2014) Prevalence of the sickle cell trait in Gabon: a nationwide study. Infection, Genetics and Evolution. 25: 52-56 doi

Otto TD, Rayner JC, Bohme U, Pain A, Spottiswoode N, Sanders M, Quail M, Ollomo B, Renaud F, Thomas AW, Prugnolle F, Conway DJ, Newbold C & Berriman M (2014) Genome sequencing of chimpanzee malaria parasites reveals possible pathways of adaptation to human hosts. Nature Communications. 5: doi

Rahola N, Makanga B, Yangari P, Jiolle D, Fontenille D, Renaud F, Ollomo B, Ayala D, Prugnolle F & Paupy C (2014) Description of Anopheles gabonensis, a new species potentially involved in rodent malaria transmission in Gabon, Central Africa. Infection, Genetics and Evolution. 28: 628-634 doi

Yalcindag E, Rougeron V, Elguero E, Arnathau C, Durand P, Brisse S, Diancourt L, Aubouy A, Becquart P, D'Alessandro U, Fontenille D, Gamboa D, Maestre A, Menard D, Musset L, Noya O, Veron V, Wide A, Carme B, Legrand E, Chevillon C, Ayala FJ, Renaud F & Prugnolle F (2014) Patterns of selection on Plasmodium falciparum erythrocyte-binding antigens after the colonization of the New World. Molecular Ecology. 23: 1979-1993 doi

Paupy C, Makanga B, Ollomo B, Rahola N, Durand P, Magnus J, Willaume E, Renaud F, Fontenille D & Prugnolle F (2013) Anopheles moucheti and Anopheles vinckei are candidate vectors of ape Plasmodium parasites, including Plasmodium praefalciparum in Gabon. PLoS One. 8: e57294 doi

Prugnolle F, Rougeron V, Becquart P, Berry A, Makanga B, Rahola N, Arnathau C, Ngoubangoye B, Menard S, Willaume E, Ayala FJ, Fontenille D, Ollomo B, Durand P, Paupy C & Renaud F (2013) Diversity, host switching and evolution of Plasmodium vivax infecting African great apes. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA. 110: 8123-8128 doi

Boissiere A, Arnathau C, Duperray C, Berry L, Lachaud L, Renaud F, Durand P & Prugnolle F (2012) Isolation of Plasmodium falciparum by flow-cytometry: implications for single-trophozoite genotyping and parasite DNA purification for whole-genome high-throughput sequencing of archival samples. Malaria Journal. 11: 163 doi

Yalcindag E, Elguero E, Arnathau C, Durand P, Akiana J, Anderson TJ, Aubouy A, Balloux F, Besnard P, Bogreau H, Carnevale P, D'Alessandro U, Fontenille D, Gamboa D, Jombart T, Le Mire J, Leroy E, Maestre A, Mayxay M, Menard D, Musset L, Newton PN, Nkoghe D, Noya O, Ollomo B, Rogier C, Veron V, Wide A, Zakeri S, Carme B, Legrand E, Chevillon C, Ayala FJ, Renaud F & Prugnolle F (2012) Multiple independent introductions of Plasmodium falciparum in South America. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA. 109: 511-516 doi

Prugnolle F, Ayala F, Ollomo B, Arnathau C, Durand P & Renaud F (2011) Plasmodium falciparum is not as lonely as previously considered. Virulence. 2: 71-76 doi

Prugnolle F, Durand P, Ollomo B, Ayala FJ & Renaud F (2011) Reply to Sharp et al.: Host species sampling bias and Plasmodium falciparum origin paradigm shifts. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA. 108: E873-E873 doi

Prugnolle F, Durand P, Ollomo B, Duval L, Ariey F, Arnathau C, Gonzalez JP, Leroy E & Renaud F (2011) A fresh look at the origin of Plasmodium falciparum, the most malignant malaria agent. PLoS Pathogens. 7: e1001283 doi

Prugnolle F, Ollomo B, Durand P, Yalcindag E, Arnathau C, Elguero E, Berry A, Pourrut X, Gonzalez JP, Nkoghe D, Akiana J, Verrier D, Leroy E, Ayala FJ & Renaud F (2011) African monkeys are infected by Plasmodium falciparum nonhuman primate-specific strains. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA. 108: 11948-11953 doi

Prugnolle F & de Meeûs T (2010) Apparent high recombination rates in clonal parasitic organisms due to inappropriate sampling design. Heredity. 104: 135-140

Prugnolle F, Durand P, Neel C, Ollomo B, Ayala FJ, Arnathau C, Etienne L, Mpoudi-Ngole E, Nkoghe D, Leroy E, Delaporte E, Peeters M & Renaud F (2010) African great apes are natural hosts of multiple related malaria species, including Plasmodium falciparum. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA. 107: 1458-1463 [-supporting information-] pdf

Prugnolle F, Durand P, Renaud F & Rousset F (2010) Effective size of the hierarchically structured populations of the agent of malaria: a coalescent-based model. Heredity. 104: 371-377

Tanabe K, Mita T, Jombart T, Eriksson A, Horibe S, Palacpac N, Ranford-Cartwright L, Sawai H, Sakihama N, Ohmae H, Nakamura M, Ferreira MU, Escalante AA, Prugnolle F, Bjorkman A, Farnert A, Kaneko A, Horii T, Manica A, Kishino H & Balloux F (2010) Plasmodium falciparum accompanied the human expansion out of Africa. Current Biology. 20: 1283-1289

de Meeûs T, Prugnolle F & Agnew P (2009) Asexual reproduction in infectious diseases. In Lost Sex. Eds. Schön I, Martens K & Dijk P. pp 517-533. Springer, Netherlands

Noranate N, Prugnolle F, Jouin H, Tall A, Marrama L, Sokhna C, Ekala MT, Guillotte M, Bischoff E, Bouchier C, Patarapotikul J, Ohashi, Trape JF, Rogier C & Mercereau-Puijalon O (2009) Population diversity and antibody selective pressure to Plasmodium falciparum MSP1 block2 locus in an African malaria-endemic setting. BMC Microbiology. 9: 219

Ollomo B, Durand P, Prugnolle F, Douzery E, Arnathau C, Nkoghe D, Leroy E & Renaud F (2009) A new malaria agent in African Hominids. PLoS Pathogens. 5: 5 pdf

Prugnolle F & Chevillon C (2009) Evolution adaptative des pathogènes, identification des mécanismes et conséquences épidémiologiques. In Introduction à l'épidémiologie intégrative des maladies infectieuses et parasitaire. (Eds. Guégan J & Choisy M). pp. 311-345. de Boeck.

Prugnolle F, Lefèvre T, Renaud F, Møller AP, Missé D & Thomas F (2009) Infection and body odours: Evolutionary and medical perspectives. Infection, Genetics and Evolution. 9: 1006-1009

Charpentier MJ, Prugnolle F, Gimenez O & Widdig A (2008) Genetic heterozygosity and sociality in a primate species. Behavioural Genetics. 38: 151-158

Prugnolle F & de Meeûs T (2008) The impact of clonality on parasite population genetic structure. Parasite. 15: 455-457

Prugnolle F, Choisy M & de Meeûs T (2008) CLONALITY V.0.4: a randomization-based program to test for heterozygosity-genet size relationships in clonal organisms. Molecular Ecology Resources. 8: 954-956

Prugnolle F, Durand P, Jacob K, Razakandrainibe F, Arnathau C, Villarreal D, Rousset F, de Meeûs T & Renaud F (2008) A comparison of Anopheles gambiae and Plasmodium falciparum genetic structure over space and time. Microbes and Infection. 10: 269-275 pdf

Prugnolle F, McGee K, Keebler J & Awadalla P (2008) Selection shapes malaria genomes and drives divergence between pathogens infecting hominids versus rodents. BMC Evolutionary Biology. 8: 223

Bañuls AL, Hide M & Prugnolle F (2007) Leishmania and Leishmaniases: a parasite genetic update and advances in taxonomy, epidemiology and pathogenicity in humans. Advances in Parasitology. 64: 1-109 pdf

de Meeûs T, McCoy KD, Prugnolle F, Chevillon C, Durand P, Hurtrez-Boussès S & Renaud F (2007) Population genetics and molecular epidemiology or how to 'debusquer la bete'. Infection, Genetics and Evolution. 7: 308-332 pdf

de Meeûs T, Prugnolle F & Agnew P (2007) Asexual reproduction: Genetics and evolutionary aspects. Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences. 64: 1355-1372 pdf

Guégan JF, Prugnolle F & Thomas F (2007) Global spatial patterns of infectious diseases and human evolution. In: Evolution in Health and Disease. Edited by Stearns SC, Koella J. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press; p. 19-29 pdf

Linz B, Balloux F, Moodley Y, Manica A, Liu H, Roumagnac P, Falush D, Stamer C, Prugnolle F, van der Merwe SW, Yamaoka Y, Graham D Y, Perez-Trallero E, Wadstrom T, Suerbaum S & Achtman M (2007) An african origin for the intimate association between humans and Helicobacter pylori. Nature. 445: 915-918

Caillaud D, Prugnolle F, Durand P, Theron A & de Meeûs T (2006) Host sex and parasite genetic diversity. Microbes and Infection. 8: 2477-2483 pdf

Charpentier M, Setchell JM, Prugnolle F, Wickings EJ, Peignot P, Balloux F & Hossaert-McKey M (2006) Life history correlates of inbreeding depression in mandrills (Mandrillus sphinx). Molecular Ecology. 15: 21-28

Jackson M, Watt AJ, Gautier P, Gilchrist D, Driehaus J, Graham GJ, Keebler J, Prugnolle F, Awadalla P & Forrester LM (2006) A murine specific expansion of the Rhox cluster involved in embryonic stem cell biology is under natural selection. BMC Genomics. 7: 212

Liu H, Prugnolle F, Manica A & Balloux F (2006) A geographically explicit genetic model of worldwide human-settlement history. American Journal of Human Genetics. 79: 230-237

Prugnolle F, de Meeûs T, Pointier JP, Durand P, Rognon A & Theron A (2006) Geographical variations in infectivity and susceptibility in the host-parasite system Schistosoma mansoni/Biomphalaria glabrata: no evidence for local adaptation Parasitology 133:313-319

Charpentier M, Setchell JM, Prugnolle F, Knapp LA, Wickings EJ, Peignot P, Hossaert-McKey M (2005) Genetic diversity and reproductive success in mandrills (Mandrillus sphinx) Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA. 102: 16723-16728

Manica A, Prugnolle F & Balloux F (2005) Geography is a better determinant of human genetic differentiation than ethnicity. Human Genetics. 118: 366-371

Prugnolle F, Liu H, de Meeûs T & Balloux F (2005) Population genetics of complex life-cycle parasites: an illustration with trematodes. International Journal for Parasitology. 35: 255-263 pdf

Prugnolle F, Manica A & Balloux F (2005) Geography predicts neutral genetic diversity of human populations. Current Biology. 15: R159-R160

Prugnolle F, Manica A, Charpentier M, Guégan JF, Guernier V & Balloux F (2005) Pathogen-driven selection and worldwide HLA class I diversity. Current Biology. 15: 1022-1027 [-supplimental data-] pdf

Prugnolle F, Roze D, Theron A & de Meeûs T (2005) F-statistics under alternation of sexual and asexual reproduction: a model and data from schistosomes (platyhelminth parasites). Molecular Ecology. 14: 1355-65. pdf

Prugnolle F, Theron A, Pointier JP, Jabbour-Zahab R, Jarne P, Durand P & de Meeûs T (2005) Dispersal in a parasitic worm and its two hosts: consequence for local adaptation. Evolution 59: 296-303 pdf

Choisy M, Prugnolle F & Cornuet J (2004) Estimating admixture proportions with microsatellites: comparison of methods based on simulated data. Molecular Ecology. 13: 955-968 pdf

Prugnolle F, Choisy M, Theron A, Durand P, & de Meeûs T (2004) Sex-specific correlation between heterozygosity and clone size in the trematode Schistosoma mansoni. Molecular Ecology. 13: 2859-2864 pdf

Prugnolle F, Theron A, Durand P & de Meeûs T (2004) Test of pangamy by genetic analysis of Schistosoma mansoni pairs within its natural murine host in Guadeloupe. Journal of Parasitology. 90: 507-509 pdf

Theron A, Sire C, Rognon A, Prugnolle F & Durand P (2004) Molecular ecology of Schistosoma mansoni transmission inferred from the genetic composition of larval and adult infrapopulations within intermediate and definitive hosts. Parasitology 129: 571-585

Prugnolle F, Durand P, Theron A, Chevillon C & de Meeus (2003) Sex-specific genetic structure: new trends for dioecious parasites. Trends in Parasitology. 19: 171-174

Prugnolle F, Pilard P, Brun L & Tavecchia G (2003) First-year and adult survival of the endangered Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni in southern France. Bird Study. 50: 68-72

Prugnolle F & de Meeûs T (2002) Inferring sex-biased dispersal from population genetic tools: a review. Heredity. 88: 161-165 pdf

Prugnolle F, de Meeûs T, Durand P, Sire C & Theron A (2002) Sex-specific genetic structure in Schistosoma mansoni: evolutionary and epidemiological implications. Molecular Ecology 11: 1231-1238 pdf

Prugnolle F, Durand P, Theron A, Chevillon C & de Meeûs T (2002) Sex-specific genetic structure: new trends for dioecious parasites. Trends in Parasitology. 19: 171-174 pdf

Thompson JD, Rolland AG & Prugnolle F (2002) Genetic variation for sexual dimorphism in flower size within and between populations of gynodioecious Thymus vulgaris. Journal of Evolutionary Biology. 15: 362-372